Auto Technology: New Vehicles May Be Required To Come Equipped With V2V By 2023
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) published a proposal recently to require all new vehicles to come equipped with vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communication capabilities. It isn’t an official requirement yet however, if it goes into effect in 2019, manufacturers would be able to phase the technology into their fleets over a few years, with all new vehicles being required to communicate with each other by 2023. The guideline not only requires the technology to be on board; it also standardizes the messages that vehicles will share. Each vehicle would come with a short-range communications (DSRC) unit that receives and sends out basic safety messages (BSMs).
BSMs are basic and include data like speed, heading, and brake status. The proposal says specifically, “NHTSA purposely does not require some elements to alleviate potential privacy concerns.” The target here is to confirm all vehicles are speaking the same language in short messages. The proposal also includes a requirement that all vehicles be able to receive over-the-air security and software updates, with “consumer consent, where appropriate.” The proposal is pretty clear that vehicles should use the data received to engage other on-board sensor and safety systems, like automatic emergency braking. NHTSA also calls out the benefits of vehicles communicating in a swarm and helping each other to see beyond the limits of their own sensors and DSRC messages.
The government does not believe V2V technology is moving fast enough. The proposed rule states, “Without government action, these challenges could prevent this promising safety technology from achieving sufficiently widespread use throughout the vehicle fleet to achieve these benefits.” NHTSA also notes that without requiring this technology, consumers may not choose to purchase it. If you the consumer only see safety benefits from V2V when other cars have it, but not enough other people are buying it, then you might not buy it either. NHTSA is just going to require all vehicles to have it.